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  T3/Wheat

Property Descriptions

AgronomicDescriptionValues
Growth habitVernalization requirement: Spring (S), Winter (W), or Facultative (F).S,W,F
HeightQualitative height; "short" is semi-dwarf.tall,short
Ppd-A1a.1Photoperiod response locus on chromosome 2AS. Ppd-A1a.1 allele imparts photoperiod insensitivity due to deletion in the promoter region and results in earlier flowering under short days. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a.P,A,H
Ppd-A1bPhotoperiod response locus on chromosome 2AS. In the absence of other Ppd1 insensitive alleles, the Ppd-A1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.P,A,H
Ppd-B1a_ChineseSpringPhotoperiod response locus on chromosome 2BS. Ppd-B1a_Chinese Spring allele indicates there is > 1 copy of Ppd-B1 that imparts photoperiod insensitivity. Increasing copy number results in early flowering under short days. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a.P,A,H
Ppd-B1a_Sonora64Photoperiod response locus on chromosome 2BS. Ppd-B1a_Sonora64 allele indicates there is > 1 copy of Ppd-B1 that imparts photoperiod insensitivity. Increasing copy number results in early flowering under short days. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a.P,A,H
Ppd-B1bPhotoperiod response allele at locus on chromosome 2BS. In the absence of other Ppd1a insensitive alleles, the Ppd-B1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.P,A,H
Ppd-B1_NullPhotoperiod response allele at locus on chromosome 2BS. Ppd-B1_null is associated with the 2BS:2GS.2GL:2BL translocation. Loss of the locus is putativley associated sensitivity and later flowering under short days, in the absence of other Ppd1 insensitive alleles.P,A,H
Ppd-D1aPhotoperiod response locus on chromosome 2DS. Ppd-D1a allele imparts photoperiod insensitivity due to deletion in the 5' UTR and results in early flowering. Relative strength of insensitive alleles: Ppd-D1a>Ppd-A1a.1>Ppd-B1a.P,A,H
Ppd-D1bPhotoperiod response locus on chromosome 2DS. Ppd-D1b allele imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.P,A,H
Ppd-D1b_NorstarPhotoperiod response locus on chromosome 2DS. Ppd-D1b_Norstar allele has a 5 bp deletion spanning exons 7 and 8 resulting in a truncated protein. Putativley imparts photoperiod sensitivity and later flowering under short days.P,A,H
Rht-8cReduced height allele on chromosome 2DS. Based on linkage with 192 bp allele Xgwm261 marker.P,A,H
Rht-B1aWild type (tall) allele of the plant height Rht-B1 locus on chromosome 4Bs. Formally Rht1 locus.P,A,H
Rht-B1bReduced height (dwarfing) allele at the Rht-B1 locus on chromosome 4Bs. Formally Rht1 locus.P,A,H
Rht-D1aWild type (tall) allele of the plant height Rht-D1 locus on chromosome 4Bs. Formally Rht2 locus.P,A,H
Rht-D1bReduced height (dwarfing) allele at the Rht-D1 locus on chromosome 4Bs. Formally Rht2 locus.P,A,H
SpeciesTriticum species; aestivum, durum or other.aestivum,durum,other
TaELF3-B1_EarlyEarliness Per Se (EPS) flowering time locus on chromosome 1BL. SNP at exon 4 position 3432 causes amino acid change Gly to Ser; Early allele described in cultivar Avalon.P,A,H
TaELF3-B1_LateEarliness Per Se (EPS) flowering time locus on chromosome 1BL. Wild type allele described in cultivar Cadenza.P,A,H
TaELF3-D1_Early1Earliness Per Se (EPS) flowering time locus on chromosome 1DL. Deletion of the gene contributes to early flowering. Early allele described in cultivars Spark and Cadenza.P,A,H
TaELF3-D1_Early2Earliness Per Se (EPS) flowering time locus on chromosome 1DL. SNP in the gene contributes to early flowering. Early allele described in cultivar Savannah.P,A,H
TaELF3-D1_LateEarliness Per Se (EPS) flowering time locus on chromosome 1DL. Wild type allele described in cultivar Cadenza.P,A,H
vrn-A1a_ShortVernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Winter allele vrn-A1a has several SNP indicative of a single copy of vrn-A1 and short vernalization requirement. Allele described in cultivar Jagger.P,A,H
Vrn-A1a_SpringVernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Vrn-A1a is the most potent spring allele, causing complete insensitivity to vernalization. It has an insertion of a foldback repetitive element and a duplicated region in the promoter.P,A,H
vrn-A1b_ShortVernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Winter allele vrn-A1b has SNP in exon 4 that is strongly associated with 2 copies of vrn-A1 and short vernalization requirement. Allele described in cultivar 26R61.P,A,H
Vrn-A1b_SpringVernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Vrn-A1b confers insenistivity to vernalization. Shows several SNPs and deletions in the promoter region.P,A,H
vrn-A1_WinterVernalization response locus on chromosome 5AL. Winter alleles of vrn-A1 may have 2 or more copies of vrn-A1 and length of vernalization required may variy. Allele described in cultivar 26R61.P,A,H
vrn-B1a_ShortVernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Winter allele vrn-B1a has a 36 bp deletion in intron 1 associated with short vernalization requirement. Allele described in cultivar AGS 2000.P,A,H
Vrn-B1a_SpringVernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Vrn-B1a has a deletion in intron 1 that causes insensitivity to vernalization. Relative strength of VRN1 spring genes: Vrn-A1>Vrn-B1>Vrn-D1.P,A,H
Vrn-B1b_SpringVernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Vrn-B1a has a large deletion in intron 1 that causes insensitivity to vernalization. Relative strength of VRN1 spring genes: Vrn-A1>Vrn-B1>Vrn-D1.P,A,H
Vrn-B1c_SpringVernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Vrn-Bca has a large deletion in intron 1 that causes insensitivity to vernalization. Relative strength of VRN1 spring genes: Vrn-A1>Vrn-B1>Vrn-D1.P,A,H
vrn-B1_WinterVernalization response locus on chromosome 5BL. Winter allele of vrn-B1.P,A,H
Vrn-D1a_SpringVernalization response locus on chromosome 5DL. Vrn-D1a has a large deletion in intron 1 that causes insensitivity to vernalization. Relative strength of VRN1 srping genes: Vrn-A1>Vrn-B1>Vrn-D1.P,A,H
vrn-D1_WinterVernalization response locus on chromosome 5DL. Winter allele of vrn-D1.P,A,H
vrn-D3a_EarlyWinter Vrn3 gene on chromsome 7D affecting quantitative variation in flowering time. Single base insertion in exon 3 is associated with earlier flowering in cultivar Jagger.P,A,H
vrn-D3b_LateWinter Vrn3 gene on chromsome 7D affecting quantitative variation in flowering time. Late allele described in cultivar 2174.P,A,H
Biotic stress: FHBDescriptionValues
Fhb1Gene located on chromosome 3BS conferring resistance to Fusarium head blight.P,A,H
Fhb_1A_NeuseQTL on chromosome 1A identified in cultivar NC_Neuse. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWA1587, IWA3805 and IWA886.P,A,H
Fhb_1B_JamestownQTL on chromosome 1B identified in cultivar Jamestown. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWB43992, IWA6259, and IWA7594.P,A,H
Fhb_2B_BessQTL on chromosome 2B identified in cultivar Bess. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWA4606, IWA5830 and IWB1769.P,A,H
Fhb_2DL_Wuhan/W14QTL near centromere of chromosome 2DL identified in cultivars Wuhan and W14. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with SSR markers cfd233 and gwm539.P,A,H
Fhb_3B_BessQTL on chromosome 3B identified in cultivar Bess. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWA4755, IWA6831 and IWB65344.P,A,H
Fhb_4A_NeuseQTL on chromosome 4A identified in cultivar NC_Neuse. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWA2793, IWA2900, IWA402 and IWA482.P,A,H
Fhb_5AQTL near centromere of chromosome 3B identified in cultivar Massey. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with SSR markers gwm304 and wmc705.P,A,H
Fhb_6A_JamestownQTL on chromosome 6A identified in cultivar Jamestown. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWB73509, IWB53065, and IWB18619.P,A,H
Fhb_6A_NeuseQTL on chromosome 6A identified in cultivar NC_Neuse. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWA3483 and IWA4036.P,A,H
Fhb_Massey_3BLQTL near centromere of chromosome 3B identified in cultivar Massey. Based on presence of resistance parent haplotype with markers IWA6105 and IWA8137.P,A,H
Biotic stress: InsectDescriptionValues
H13Gene transferred from Aegilops tauschii to chromosome 6DS conferring resistance to Hessian fly.P,A,H
H9Gene transferred from Triticum turgidum to bread chromosome 1AS conferring resistance to Hessian fly.P,A,H
Biotic stress: Leaf blotchDescriptionValues
Tsn1Gene conferring susceptibility to ToxA produced by the tan spot and Staganospora nodorum blotch pathogens.P,A,H
Biotic stress: Powdery mildewDescriptionValues
Pm1aGene conferring resistance to powdery mildew on chromosome 7AL.P,A,H
Biotic stress: RustDescriptionValues
Lr19/Sr25Gene complex derived from Thinopyrum ponticum to wheat chromsome 7DS conferring resistance to leaf and stem rusts.P,A,H
Lr21Gene transferred from Aegilops tauschii to chromosome 1DS conferring resistance to leaf rust.P,A,H
Lr34/Yr18/Pm38Gene on chromosome arm 7DS imparting partial, adult-plant resistance to leaf rust, stripe (yellow) rust and powdery mildew.P,A,H
Lr37/Yr17/Sr38Gene complex derived from Aegilops ventricosum chromosome 2NS translocated to wheat 2AS conferring resistance to leaf, stripe (yellow) and stem rustsP,A,H
Lr9Gene transferred from Aegilops umbellulata to wheat chromosome 6BL conferring resistance to leaf rust.P,A,H
Sr2Gene on chromosome 3BS conferring partial, adult-plant resistance to stem rustP,A,H
Sr24/Lr24Gene complex derived from Lophopyrum elongatum located on translocation chromosome 3DS:3DL-3EL conferring resistance to leaf and stem rusts.P,A,H
Sr36Stem rust resistance gene derived from Triticum timopheevii located on translocation chromosome 2BS-2GS:2GL-2BLP,A,H
Biotic stress: VirusDescriptionValues
Bdv2/3Barley Yellow Dwarf virus resistance genes transferred from Triticum intermedium to wheat chromosome 7DL. Both detected with marker Xgwm37.P,A,H
Sbm1Gene located on chromosome 5DL conferring resisance to Wheat Soil-borne Mosaic Virus and Cereal Soil-borne Mosaic Virus.P,A,H
MorphologicalDescriptionValues
AwnedAwned (A) or awnless (N).A,N
ChaffChaff color; bronze or bright.bronze,bright
ColorKernel color; red or white.R,W
QualityDescriptionValues
Ax1 or null alleleAlleles of Glu-A1 locus. Alleles Ax1 or null. Distinguished from Ax2*.P,A,H
Ax2* alleleAllele of Glu-A1 locus. Ax2* is distinquished from Ax1 or null.P,A,H
Bx7 over-expressingPresence of the over-expressing allele of Glu-B1 associated with strong gluten.P,A,H
Glu 2+12 alleleAllele of Glu-D1 locus coding for sub-units 2+12P,A,H
Glu 5+10 alleleAllele of Glu-D1 locus coding for sub-units 5+10P,A,H
HardnessKernel hardness; hard (H) or soft (S).H,S
Pina-D1aLocus on chromsome 5DS encoding puroindoline proteins determining kernel texture. Pina-D1a wild type allele (soft).P,A,H
Pina-D1bLocus on chromsome 5DS encoding puroindoline proteins determining kernel texture. Pina-D1b null type allele (hard).P,A,H
Pinb-D1aLocus on chromsome 5DS encoding puroindoline proteins determining kernel texture. Pinb-D1a wild type allele (soft).P,A,H
Pinb-D1bLocus on chromsome 5DS encoding puroindoline proteins determining kernel texture. Pinb-D1b allele with glycine-to-serine mutation (soft).P,A,H
r-A1Recessive white allele of the R-A1 seed color locus.P,A,H
r-A1_Norin17Recessive white allele of the R-A1 seed color locus described in Norin17.P,A,H
r-B1Recessive white allele of the R-B1 seed color locus.P,A,H
r-D1Recessive white allele of the R-D1 seed color locus.P,A,H
TaSus2-2BAllele of Sucrose Synthase2 gene located on chromosome 2BS associated with multiple soft wheat quality traits.P,A,H
Rye TranslocationsDescriptionValues
1RS:1ALTranslocation of the short arm of rye chromosome 1R onto wheat 1AL.P,A,H
1RS:1BLTranslocation of the short arm of rye chromosome 1R onto wheat 1BL.P,A,H

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