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  T3/Barley

Trait Descriptions

AgronomicOntologyDescriptionMinMaxUnitUnit info
50 seed weightDetermined based on 50 arbitrarily selected kernels from each landrace from the S3 generation0 5gramsgrams by weight
CSR_NDVIcanopy spectral reflectance, CSR_NDVI CSR indexCanopy Spectral Reflectance
emergence1 4emergence rating 1-4seedling emergence
flag leaf length0 20centimeter
flag leaf weight0 200milligram
flag leaf width0 10centimeter
grain hardnessTO:0002661SKCS0 110single kernel characterization systemsingle kernel characterization system
grain weightTO:0000589mg15 60milligram
grain yieldTO:0000396For Barley CAP 1 (2005-2009 trials) data, this was measured in kilograms per hectare at 14 percent moisture.0 20000kg ha -1
harvest indexGrain weight divided by binder weight0 1n/aN/A
head drop (0-9)TO:00200770-9 rating scale0 9Head drop rating scalehead drop rating scale (0-9)
head shatteringTO:0000473head shattering percent0 100percent
heading dateTO:0000137Number of days required for 50% of the heads to emerge completely from the boot.0 250days
heading date (Julian)TO:0000137Julian calendar date of anthesis of approx 50% of spikes0 365days
K0 1000parts per million
kernel weightTO:0000589Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO; based on recommended ASBC methods.0 100milligram
lodgingTO:0000068Measure of percentage of plants that lodged.0 100percent
lodging degreeDegree of lodging in a plot measured on a 0-9 scale with 0 = no lodging; 9 = fully lodged0 9lodging severity 0-90 = no lodging, 9 = lodged
maturity date (physiological)TO:0000469Julian calendar date of physiological maturity i.e. when 50% of the peduncles completely lose color.0 250days
Na0 1000parts per million
Na/K0 100parts per million
plant dry weightweight (g) of a dried plant0 50gramsgrams by weight
plant heightTO:0000207Actual measurement of plant height from soil surface to the highest point in plant as identified in the study.0 150centimeter
spikes per areaNumber of flowering stems per given area0 1000spikesflowering heads
straw breakageMeasure of percentage of plants with broken straw0 100percent
test weightTO:0000612Test weight is a measure of the density or weight per unit of volume of a grain at a standardized moisture level.0 1200g liter -1
tillers per plantnumber of tillers developing on a single plant0 50Numbernumber of a specific feature
DiseaseOntologyDescriptionMinMaxUnitUnit info
African stem rust severity0 100percent
BYDV rating (0-8)TO:0020067Rating from 0-8 in the field indicating percentage of plants showing foliar discoloration/stunting; 0 = no symptoms, 1 = > 0-3%, 2 = 4-14%, 3 = 15-29%, 4 = 30-49%, 5 = 50-69%, 6 = 70-84%, 7 = 85-95%, 8 = 96-100%0 8Disease Rating 0-8
BYDV rating (0-9)Rating in the field on 0-9 scale where 0= no disease and 9= completely affected.0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
CRR SeverityTO:0020058Common root rot is a fungal disease of barley caused by Cochliobolus sativus, Fusarium culmorum and F. graminearum0 100percent
DONTO:0000669Levels of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON)0 200parts per million
FHB IncidenceTO:0000662Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) Incidence is reported as the percentage of the number of spikes out of 10 that had at least one infected kernel.0 100percent
FHB reaction type (0-5)TO:00006620: no infection; 1: incidence low, up to 5% of spikes; severity low, 1 or 2 kernels per spike affected (up to 7% of head); 2: incidence low to moderate, 5 to 15% of spikes infected; severity low to moderate, 1 to 4 kernels (up to 15% of head); 3: incidence moderate, 15 to 30% of heads; severity moderate, 2 to 8 kernels (up to 25% of head); 4: incidence moderate to high, 30 to 50% of spikes infected; severity moderate to high, 4 to 12 kernels (up to 40% of head); 5: incidence high, 50% or more spikes affected; severity high, 5 to 15+ kernels (up to 50%+ of head diseased)0 5Disease Rating 0-5Rating scale of 0-5
FHB reaction type (0-9)TO:0000662Rating scale of 0-9 in field0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
FHB SeverityTO:0000662Average percent of 10 heads covered with Fusarium Head Blight0 100percent
leaf rust (0-9)TO:0020056rating in-field (0-9 scale)0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
leaf rust (LR30) (0-4)TO:0020056greenhouse rating (seedlings) inoculated with Race 30-999 -999Disease rating 0-4 with qualifiersstring
leaf rust (LR8) (0-4)TO:0020056greenhouse rating (seedlings) inoculated with Race 8-999 -999Disease rating 0-4 with qualifiersstring
leaf rust seedlingTO:0020056greenhouse (seedlings)-999 -999Disease rating 0-4 with qualifiersstring
net blotch (1-10)TO:0020062Tekauz scale (1-10) where 1-3 is resistant, 4-5 is moderately resistant (MR), 6-7 is moderately susceptible (MS), and 8-10 is susceptible (S)1 10Tekauz scale (1-10)Tekauz scale (1-10) where 1-3 is resistant, 4-5 is moderately resistant (MR), 6-7 is moderately susceptible (MS), and 8-10 is susceptible (S)
net blotch net form reaction type (0-9)TO:0020062Rating scale of 0-9 in field0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
powdery mildew (0-4)TO:0020060greenhouse rating seedlings; Powdery mildew reaction, R=resistant, MR=moderately resistant, I=intermediate, MS=moderately susceptible, S=susceptible0 4Disease rating 0-4 with qualifiersstring
powdery mildew (0-9)discease rating with 0 = absense of symptoms ; 9 = severe disease0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
scald (0-8)TO:0020051rating scale done on seedlings in greenhouse (0-8)0 8Disease Rating 0-8
scald reaction type (0-9)TO:0020051rating scale in the field0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
scald severityDisease severity of a plot assayed in the field.0 100percent
Septoria seedling infection response (0-5)TO:0020064Septoria passerinii rating scale done on seedlings in the greenhouse; 0=immune: no visible symptoms; 1=highly resistant: presence of hypersensitive flecks; 2=resistant: no or very light pycnidial production and coalescing of lesions, mainly towards the l0 5septoria seedling infection response (0-5)A 0-5 rating scale was developed by H. Toubia-Rahme was used for barley infected by S. passerinii. This scale is based on one developed for wheat by Rosielle 1972 (Euphytica 21:152-161), where 0=immune: no visible symptoms; 1=highly resistant: presence o
Septoria speckled leaf blotch (0-9)TO:0020064rating scale used on plants in the field0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
spot blotch infection coefficientTO:0020052assayed in field0 100percent
spot blotch reaction type (0-9)TO:0020052Rating scale of 0-9 in field0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
spot blotch reaction type (1-9)TO:0020052Causal agent: Cochliobolus sativus (Bipolaris sorokiniana). Greenhouse rating 1 = resistant; 9 = susceptible1 9Disease rating 1-9
spot blotch seedling infection response (1-9)TO:0020052Cochliobolus sativus rating scale done on seedlings in the greenhouse; 1-9 rating scale where 1-4 is indicative of a low IP, 5 of intermediate IP, and 6-9 of a high IP1 9Infection response rating 1-9
spot blotch severityTO:0020052Percent severity assayed in the field0 100percent
spot form net blotch (1-5)TO:0020063sfnb seedling reaction type scale: 1) small dark pinpoint necrotic lesions; 2) pinpoint lesions with small amounts of necrosis and chlorosis surrounding the penetration point; 3) necrotic or chlorotic lesions 2-3 mm in size with little coalescence of lesions; 4) coalescing necrotic or chlorotic lesions >3 mm across; 5) necrotic or chlorotic lesions coalescing and covering greater than 70% of the leaf area.1 5infection response rating (1-5)response to sfnb
stem rust (MCCFC) reaction type0 4.5Disease Rating 0-4disease score
stem rust (MCCFC) severity0 100percent
stem rust (TTKSK) coded reaction type scoreSeedling infection numeric score transformed from the raw infection types using a conversion factor0 4Disease Rating 0-4disease score
stem rust (TTKSK) reaction type0 4Disease Rating 0-4disease score
stem rust seedling reaction typeEncoded reaction type0 5Disease Rating 0-4disease score
stem rust severity0 100percent
stripe rust infection type (0-9)TO:0020054rating of infection type in the field; 0 = No visible signs or symptoms; 1 = necrotic and/or chlorotic flecks; no sporulation; 2 = necrotic and/or chlorotic blotches or stripes; no sporulation; 3 = necrotic and/or chlorotic blotches or stripes; trace spor0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
stripe rust severityTO:0020054Percent Severity (1-100; area of flag/flag-1 leaf affected) measured in the field0 100percent
Xanthomonas translucens subsp. translucens (0-9)TO:0020066Rating scale of 0-9 in field0 9Disease Rating 0-9numerical rating
Malting qualityOntologyDescriptionMinMaxUnitUnit info
alpha amylaseGO:0004556Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO; based on recommended ASBC methods.0 20020°DU
alpha amylase (megazyme)Alpha amylase in malt measured by Megazyme method. Different units.0 500U/g maltUnits of enzyme activity per gram
alpha glucosidaseAlpha glucosidase in malt measured by Megazyme method.0 200U/kg malt
barley colorTO:0000486Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 100°ASBC
beta amylaseBeta amylase in malt measured by Megazyme method.0 50U/g maltUnits of enzyme activity per gram
beta glucanTO:0020068beta glucan % db0 100percent
beta-glucanase activityTO:0020070100 1000U/kg malt
beta-glucanase thermostabilityTO:0020071measured at 50 degrees C, 10 minutes100 800U/kg malt
breeders grain proteinTO:0000598The total protein content in the grain, measured by the breeding program0 100percent
breeders plump grainTO:0000149Percent kernels (by weight) that stay on a 6/64 x 3/4 inch sieve using standard methods, measured by the breeding program0 105percent
diastatic powerTO:0000606Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 400°ASBC
fermentable sugars in the original extractPercent of total fermentable sugars in the wort extract (degree Plato).0 100percent
free amino nitrogenMeasured using the automated Skalar method as described in MEBAK: Raw Materials, 2011m, Fritz Jacob, pp 172-176, 3.1.4.5.5.1 Free Amino Nitrogen.0 1000parts per million
friabilityIndicator of endosperm modification after malting by a simple milling test in a friabilimeter.0 100percent
glassy kernels after maltingGrains not milled in the friabilimeter. No modification at all. They were dead throughout all malting process.0 100percent
grain proteinTO:0000598The total protein content measured in a plant or a plant part.0 100kg ha -1
hot water malt extractTotal malt solids solubilized after mashing at 65 degrees C for 1 hr.0 100percent
limit dextrinaseLimit dextrinase in malt measured by Megazyme method.0 500U/kg malt
lipoxygenase activityGO:0016165Units of enzyme activity per gram of malt0 10U/g maltUnits of enzyme activity per gram
malt beta-glucanTO:0020068Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 1500parts per million
malt extractTO:0000611 Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 100percent
malt proteinTO:0020075The total protein content measured in the malt.0 100percent
non-dormant %TO:00002020 100percent
partly unmodified grains after maltingGrains that were partly milled by the friabilimeter indicating that modification was not as succesful.0 100percent
plump grainTO:0000149Determined by the actual measurement of width in millimeters as the distance across the seed (with hull). Measured as % by wt on a 6/64" sieve0 105percent
real degree of fermentationPercent of wort extract remaining after fermentation. It is the wort fermentability.0 100percent
residual beta-glucanaseTO:00200700 100percent
soluble protein/ total proteinTO:0000610Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 100percent
thermostable alpha amylasePercent remaining activity of Alpha Amylase after thermal treatment at 65 degrees C for 10 min.0 100percent
thermostable alpha glucosidasePercent remaining activity of Alpha Glucosidase after thermal treatment at 65 degree C for 10 min.0 100percent
thermostable beta amylasePercent remaining activity of Beta Amylase after thermal treatment at 65 degrees C for 10 min.0 100percent
thermostable limit dextrinasePercent remaining activity of Limit Dextrinase after thermal treatment at 65 degree C for 10 min.0 100percent
thin grainsPercent thin is the percentage of grain that falls through a 5/64 inch x 3/4 inch slots following 30 seconds of shaking.-15 115percent
total fermentable sugarsThe sum of maltotriose, maltose, glucose, and fructose in wort.0 15g/100mLGrams per 100mL
wort clarity1=clear, 2=slightly hazy, 3=hazy1 3Wort Clarity Rating (1-3)Wort clarity rating. 1=clear, 2=slightly hazy, 3=hazy
wort colorTO:0020074Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 10ASBC
wort fructoseTotal fructose in wort determined by HPLC.0 5g/100mLGrams per 100mL
wort glucoseTotal glucose in wort determined by HPLC.0 5g/100mLGrams per 100mL
wort maltoseTotal maltose in wort determined by HPLC.0 10g/100mLGrams per 100mL
wort maltotrioseTotal maltotriose in wort determined by HPLC.0 5g/100mLGrams per 100mL
wort proteinTO:0020073Standard methods employed by the Cereal Crops Research Unit at Madison, WI and the BARI analysis laboratory in Fort Collins, CO, based on recommended ASBC methods.0 100percent
wort viscosityMeasures the wort flow by falling time in a viscometer.0 10cPViscosity is measured in Centipoise (cP), which is 0.01 Poise
MorphologicalOntologyDescriptionMinMaxUnitUnit info
awn type0 8awn typetype of awn
glossy sheathTO:0000709Surface wax coating appears absent on the spike, leaf sheath, and stem (0 = wax produced, 0.5 = mixture of wax present and absent among plants, 1= wax absent)0 1Presence/AbsencePresence/Absence
glossy spikeTO:0000787Surface wax coating appears absent on the spike (0 = wax produced, 0.5 = mixture of wax present and absent among plants, 1= wax absent)0 1Presence/AbsencePresence/Absence
grain widthTO:0000149mm0 5millimeters
kernels per spikeTO:0002759Number of seeds per spike0 200kernels/spike
lemma and palea colorTO:0000264Color of mature palea and lemma (hull); 1 = Black, 0 = Non-Black0 1Presence/AbsencePresence/Absence
spike angle1 3angle rating 1-3score of the spike angle
spike densityTO:0000145Average internode length (spike length/(k2 or6)0 10millimeters
Spike Density 2TO:0000145The length of the spike was measured from the base of the spike to the top of the spike, not including any sterile/infertile kernels. The length (in cm) was then divided by the total number of rows (nodes) present along the length of the spike.0 5Nodes/cm of rachisNumber of rows divided by the length of the spike
spike exsertionTO:0020069Distance from base of spike to flag leaf auricle0 0millimeters
spike lengthTO:0000271Distance from base to tip of spike- excluding awns0 0millimeters
stem lengthTO:0000576Measure from soil surface to highest point on stem.0 200centimeter
Quality for food and other usesOntologyDescriptionMinMaxUnitUnit info
alpha-tocopherolGO:0010189Alpha-Tocopherol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
alpha-tocotrienolGO:0010189Alpha-Tocotrienol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
amylose contentTO:0000196%, dry weight basis0 40% dry weight basis
beta-tocopherolGO:0010189Beta-Tocopherol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
beta-tocotrienolGO:0010189Beta-Tocotrienol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
delta-tocopherolGO:0010189Delta-Tocopherol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
delta-tocotrienolGO:0010189Delta-Tocotrienol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
dry matter digestibilityPercent of dry plant matter digestible by an animal.0 100percent
Feconcentration (ppm) on a dry weight basis0 150parts per million
gamma-tocopherolGO:0010189Gamma-Tocopherol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
gamma-tocopherol + beta-tocotrienolGO:0010189Sum of the gamma-Tocopherol and beta-Tocotrienol content expressed in micrograms per grams.0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
gamma-tocotrienolGO:0010189Gamma-Tocotrienol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
hull proportion%0 25percent
phenolic compound contentTO:0020076%, dry weight basis0 1% dry weight basis
polyphenol oxidase activityabsorbance, dry weight basis0 2.5absorbance, dry weight basis
total tocolGO:0010189Total Tocol content expressed in micrograms per gram0 1000ug/gmicrograms per gram
Znconcentration (ppm) on a dry weight basis0 100parts per million
Winter growth habitOntologyDescriptionMinMaxUnitUnit info
fall planting heading dateTO:0000137Vernalization requirement: heading date for fall planting0 250days from planting
spring planting heading dateTO:0000137Vernalization Requirement: heading date for spring planting0 250days from planting
vernalization scoreSpring heading date - fall heading date0 251days
winter hardinessPercent survival0 105% survival

In 2009 the Toronto International Data Release Workshop agreed on a policy statement about prepublication data sharing. Accordingly, the data producers are making many of the datasets in T3 available prior to publication of a global analysis. Guidelines for appropriate sharing of these data are given in the excerpt from the Toronto Statement.

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